Example code

See the example directory for a complete sample app using flamingo.

example

Installation

Add this to your package's pubspec.yaml file:

dependencies:
  flamingo:
  flamingo_annotation:

dev_dependencies:
  build_runner:
  flamingo_generator:

Setup

Please check Setup of cloud_firestore.
https://pub.dev/packages/cloud_firestore

Usage

Adding a initializeApp code to main.dart.

Initialize

import 'package:flamingo/flamingo.dart';

void main() async {
  WidgetsFlutterBinding.ensureInitialized();
  await Flamingo.initializeApp();
  ...
}

Create Model

Create class that inherited Document. And add json mapping code into override functions.

Can be used flamingo_generator. Automatically create code for mapping JSON.

import 'package:flamingo/flamingo.dart';
import 'package:flamingo_annotation/flamingo_annotation.dart';

part 'user.flamingo.dart';

class User extends Document<User> {
  User({
    String id,
    DocumentSnapshot snapshot,
    Map<String, dynamic> values,
  }) : super(id: id, snapshot: snapshot, values: values);

  @Field()
  String name;

  @override
  Map<String, dynamic> toData() => _$toData(this);

  @override
  void fromData(Map<String, dynamic> data) => _$fromData(this, data);
}

Annotation list.

  • @Field()
  • @StorageField()
  • @ModelField()
  • @SubCollection()

Execute build runner to generate data mapping JSON.

flutter pub run build_runner build

It will be generated the following code.

// GENERATED CODE - DO NOT MODIFY BY HAND

part of 'user.dart';

// **************************************************************************
// FieldValueGenerator
// **************************************************************************

/// Field value key
enum UserKey {
  name,
}

extension UserKeyExtension on UserKey {
  String get value {
    switch (this) {
      case UserKey.name:
        return 'name';
      default:
        return toString();
    }
  }
}

/// For save data
Map<String, dynamic> _$toData(User doc) {
  final data = <String, dynamic>{};
  Helper.writeNotNull(data, 'name', doc.name);

  return data;
}

/// For load data
void _$fromData(User doc, Map<String, dynamic> data) {
  doc.name = Helper.valueFromKey<String>(data, 'name');
}

[Option] build.yaml

If you set build.yaml in the root of the project, the automatic generation will be faster.

https://github.com/hukusuke1007/flamingo/blob/master/flamingo/example/build.yaml

targets:
  $default:
    builders:
      flamingo_generator|field_value_generator:
        generate_for:
          include:
            - lib/model/*.dart
            - lib/model/**/*.dart

CRUD

Create instance the following code.

final user = User();
print(user.id); // id: Automatically create document id;

final user = User(id: '0000');
print(user.id); // id: '0000'

Using DocumentAccessor or Batch or Transaction in order to CRUD.

final user = User()
      ..name = 'hoge';

DocumentAccessor documentAccessor = DocumentAccessor();

// save
await documentAccessor.save(user);

// update
await documentAccessor.update(user);

// delete
await documentAccessor.delete(user);

// Batch
final batch = Batch()
  ..save(user)
  ..update(user);
  ..delete(user);
await batch.commit();

If save a document, please check firestore console.

And can be used field value key and save data by specific key.

DocumentAccessor documentAccessor = DocumentAccessor();
await documentAccessor.saveRaw(
  <String, dynamic>{ UserKey.name.value: 'hogehoge' },
  user.reference,
);

Get a document.

// get
final user = User(id: '0000');  // need to 'id'.
final hoge = await documentAccessor.load<User>(user);

Get Documents

CollectionPaging

Can be used get and paging features of documents by CollectionPaging.

Query of Collection.

final collectionPaging = CollectionPaging<User>(
  query: User().collectionRef.orderBy('createdAt', descending: true),
  limit: 20,
  decode: (snap) => User(snapshot: snap),
);

List<User> items = [];

// Load 
final _items = await collectionPaging.load();
items = _items;

// LoadMore
final _items = await collectionPaging.loadMore();
items.addAll(_items);

Query of CollectionGroup.

final collectionPaging = CollectionPaging<User>(
  query: firestoreInstance
    .collectionGroup('user')
    .orderBy('createdAt', descending: true),
  limit: 20,
  decode: (snap) => User(snapshot: snap),
);

sample code

CollectionPagingListener

Can be used listener and paging features of documents by CollectionPagingListener.

final collectionPagingListener = CollectionPagingListener<User>(
  query: User().collectionRef.orderBy('updatedAt', descending: true),
  initialLimit: 20,
  pagingLimit: 20,
  decode: (snap) => User(snapshot: snap),
);

// Fetch to set listener.
collectionPagingListener.fetch();

List<User> items = [];

// Get documents via listener. data is ValueStream.
collectionPagingListener.data.listen((event) {
    setState(() {
      items = event;
    });
  });

// Get document changes status and cache status.
collectionPagingListener.docChanges.listen((event) {
    for (var item in event) {
      final change = item.docChange;
      print('id: ${item.doc.id}, changeType: ${change.type}, oldIndex: ${change.oldIndex}, newIndex: ${change.newIndex} cache: ${change.doc.metadata.isFromCache}');
    }
  });

// LoadMore. To load next page data.
collectionPagingListener.loadMore();


// Dispose.
await collectionPagingListener.dispose();

sample code

firestoreInstance

Can be get documents in collection.

final path = Document.path<User>();
final snapshot = await firestoreInstance.collection(path).get();

// from snapshot
final listA = snapshot.docs.map((item) => User(snapshot: item)).toList()
  ..forEach((user) {
    print(user.id); // user model.
  });

// from values.
final listB = snapshot.docs.map((item) => User(id: item.documentID, values: item.data)).toList()
  ..forEach((user) {
    print(user.id); // user model.
  });

Snapshot Listener

Listen snapshot of document.

// Listen
final user = User(id: '0')
  ..name = 'hoge';

final dispose = user.reference.snapshots().listen((snap) {
  final user = User(snapshot: snap);
  print('${user.id}, ${user.name}');
});

// Save, update, delete
DocumentAccessor documentAccessor = DocumentAccessor();
await documentAccessor.save(user);

user.name = 'fuga';
await documentAccessor.update(user);

await documentAccessor.delete(user);

await dispose.cancel();

Listen snapshot of collection documents. And can be used also CollectionPagingListener.

// Listen
final path = Document.path<User>();
final query = firestoreInstance.collection(path).limit(20);
final dispose = query.snapshots().listen((querySnapshot) {
  for (var change in querySnapshot.documentChanges) {
    if (change.type == DocumentChangeType.added ) {
      print('added ${change.document.documentID}');
    }
    if (change.type == DocumentChangeType.modified) {
      print('modified ${change.document.documentID}');
    }
    if (change.type == DocumentChangeType.removed) {
      print('removed ${change.document.documentID}');
    }
  }
  final _ = querySnapshot.docs.map((item) => User(snapshot: item)).toList()
    ..forEach((item) => print('${item.id}, ${item.name}'));
});

// Save, update, delete
final user = User(id: '0')
  ..name = 'hoge';

DocumentAccessor documentAccessor = DocumentAccessor();
await documentAccessor.save(user);

user.name = 'fuga';
await documentAccessor.update(user);

await documentAccessor.delete(user);

await dispose.cancel();

Model of map object

Example, Owner's document object is the following json.

{
  "name": "owner",
  "address": {
    "postCode": "0000",
    "country": "japan"
  },
  "medals": [
    {"name": "gold"},
    {"name": "silver"},
    {"name": "bronze"}
  ]
}

Owner that inherited Document has model of map object.

import 'package:flamingo/flamingo.dart';
import 'package:flamingo_annotation/flamingo_annotation.dart';

import 'address.dart';
import 'medal.dart';

part 'owner.flamingo.dart';

class Owner extends Document<Owner> {
  Owner({
    String id,
    DocumentSnapshot snapshot,
    Map<String, dynamic> values,
  }) : super(id: id, snapshot: snapshot, values: values);

  @Field()
  String name;

  @ModelField()
  Address address;

  @ModelField()
  List<Medal> medals;

  @override
  Map<String, dynamic> toData() => _$toData(this);

  @override
  void fromData(Map<String, dynamic> data) => _$fromData(this, data);
}

Create class that inherited Model.

import 'package:flamingo/flamingo.dart';
import 'package:flamingo_annotation/flamingo_annotation.dart';

part 'address.flamingo.dart';

class Address extends Model {
  Address({
    this.postCode,
    this.country,
    Map<String, dynamic> values,
  }) : super(values: values);

  @Field()
  String postCode;

  @Field()
  String country;

  @override
  Map<String, dynamic> toData() => _$toData(this);

  @override
  void fromData(Map<String, dynamic> data) => _$fromData(this, data);
}
import 'package:flamingo/flamingo.dart';
import 'package:flamingo_annotation/flamingo_annotation.dart';

part 'medal.flamingo.dart';

class Medal extends Model {
  Medal({
    this.name,
    Map<String, dynamic> values,
  }) : super(values: values);

  @Field()
  String name;

  @override
  Map<String, dynamic> toData() => _$toData(this);

  @override
  void fromData(Map<String, dynamic> data) => _$fromData(this, data);
}

Example of usage.

// save
final owner = Owner()
  ..name = 'owner'
  ..address = Address(
    postCode: '0000',
    country: 'japan',
  )
  ..medals = [
    Medal(name: 'gold',),
    Medal(name: 'silver',),
    Medal(name: 'bronze',),
  ];

await documentAccessor.save(owner);

// load
final _owner = await documentAccessor.load<Owner>(Owner(id: owner.id));
print('id: ${_owner.id}, name: ${_owner.name}');
print('address: ${_owner.id} ${_owner.address.postCode} ${_owner.address.country}');
print('medals: ${_owner.medals.map((d) => d.name)}');

Sub Collection

For example, ranking document has count collection.

Ranking model

import 'package:flamingo/flamingo.dart';
import 'package:flamingo_annotation/flamingo_annotation.dart';

import 'count.dart';

part 'ranking.flamingo.dart';

class Ranking extends Document<Ranking> {
  Ranking(
      {String id,
      DocumentSnapshot snapshot,
      Map<String, dynamic> values,
      CollectionReference collectionRef})
      : super(
            id: id,
            snapshot: snapshot,
            values: values,
            collectionRef: collectionRef) {
    count = Collection(this, RankingKey.count.value);
  }

  @Field()
  String title;

  @SubCollection()
  Collection<Count> count;

  @override
  Map<String, dynamic> toData() => _$toData(this);

  @override
  void fromData(Map<String, dynamic> data) => _$fromData(this, data);
}

Count model

import 'package:flamingo/flamingo.dart';
import 'package:flamingo_annotation/flamingo_annotation.dart';

part 'count.flamingo.dart';

class Count extends Document<Count> {
  Count({
    String id,
    DocumentSnapshot snapshot,
    Map<String, dynamic> values,
    CollectionReference collectionRef,
  }) : super(
            id: id,
            snapshot: snapshot,
            values: values,
            collectionRef: collectionRef);

  @Field()
  String userId;

  @Field()
  int count = 0;

  @override
  Map<String, dynamic> toData() => _$toData(this);

  @override
  void fromData(Map<String, dynamic> data) => _$fromData(this, data);
}

Save and Get Sub Collection.

final ranking = Ranking(id: '20201007')
  ..title = 'userRanking';

// Save sub collection of ranking document
final countA = Count(collectionRef: ranking.count.ref)
  ..userId = '0'
  ..count = 10;
final countB = Count(collectionRef: ranking.count.ref)
  ..userId = '1'
  ..count = 100;
final batch = Batch()
  ..save(ranking)
  ..save(countA)
  ..save(countB);
await batch.commit();

// Get sub collection
final path = ranking.count.ref.path;
final snapshot = await firestoreInstance.collection(path).get();
final list = snapshot.docs.map((item) => Count(snapshot: item)).toList()
  ..forEach((count) {
    print(count);
  });

File

Can operation into Firebase Storage and upload and delete storage file. Using StorageFile and Storage class.

For examople, create post model that have StorageFile.

import 'package:flamingo/flamingo.dart';
import 'package:flamingo_annotation/flamingo_annotation.dart';

part 'post.flamingo.dart';

class Post extends Document<Post> {
  Post({String id}) : super(id: id);

  @StorageField()
  StorageFile file;

  @StorageField()
  List<StorageFile> files;

  @override
  Map<String, dynamic> toData() => _$toData(this);

  @override
  void fromData(Map<String, dynamic> data) => _$fromData(this, data);
}

Upload file to Firebase Storage.

final post = Post();
final storage = Storage();
final file = ... // load image.

// Fetch uploader stream
storage.fetch();

// Checking status
storage.uploader.listen((data){
  print('total: ${data.totalBytes} transferred: ${data.bytesTransferred}');
});

// Upload file into firebase storage and save file metadata into firestore
final path = '${post.documentPath}/${PostKey.file.value}';
post.file = await storage.save(path, file, mimeType: mimeTypePng, metadata: {'newPost': 'true'}); // 'mimeType' is defined in master/master.dart
await documentAccessor.save(post);

// Dispose uploader stream
storage.dispose();

Delete storage file.

// delete file in firebase storage and delete file metadata in firestore
final path = '${post.documentPath}/${PostKey.file.value}';
await storage.delete(path, post.file);
await documentAccessor.update(post);

Alternatively, flamingo provide function to operate Cloud Storage and Firestore.

// Save storage and document of storage data.
final storageFile = await storage.saveWithDoc(
    post.reference,
    PostKey.file.value,
    file,
    mimeType: mimeTypePng,
    metadata: {
      'newPost': 'true'
    },
    additionalData: <String, dynamic>{
      'key0': 'key',
      'key1': 10,
      'key2': 0.123,
      'key3': true,
    },
);

// Delete storage and document of storage data.
await storage.deleteWithDoc(post.reference, PostKey.file.value, post.file, isNotNull: true);

Increment

Example, CreditCard's document has point and score field. Their fields is Increment type.

import 'package:flamingo/flamingo.dart';
import 'package:flamingo_annotation/flamingo_annotation.dart';

part 'credit_card.flamingo.dart';

class CreditCard extends Document<CreditCard> {
  CreditCard({
    String id,
    DocumentSnapshot snapshot,
    Map<String, dynamic> values,
  }) : super(id: id, snapshot: snapshot, values: values);

  @Field()
  Increment<int> point = Increment<int>();

  @Field()
  Increment<double> score = Increment<double>();

  @override
  Map<String, dynamic> toData() => _$toData(this);

  @override
  void fromData(Map<String, dynamic> data) => _$fromData(this, data);

  /// Call after create, update, delete.
  @override
  void onCompleted(ExecuteType executeType) {
    point = point.onRefresh();
    score = score.onRefresh();
  }
}

Increment and decrement of data.

// Increment
final card = CreditCard()
  ..point.incrementValue = 1
  ..score.incrementValue = 1.25;
await documentAccessor.save(card);
print('point ${card.point.value}, score: ${card.score.value}'); // point 1, score 1.25

final _card = await documentAccessor.load<CreditCard>(card);
print('point ${_card.point.value}, score: ${_card.score.value}'); // point 1, score 1.25


// Decrement
card
  ..point.incrementValue = -1
  ..score.incrementValue = -1.00;
await documentAccessor.update(card);
print('point ${card.point.value}, score: ${card.score.value}'); // point 0, score 0.25

final _card = await documentAccessor.load<CreditCard>(card);
print('point ${_card.point.value}, score: ${_card.score.value}'); // point 0, score 0.25


// Clear
card
  ..point.isClearValue = true
  ..score.isClearValue = true;
await documentAccessor.update(card);
print('point ${card.point.value}, score: ${card.score.value}'); // point 0, score 0.0

final _card = await documentAccessor.load<CreditCard>(card);
print('point ${_card.point.value}, score: ${_card.score.value}'); // point 0, score 0.0

Or can be use with increment method of DocumentAccessor.

final card = CreditCard();
final batch = Batch()
  ..save(card);
await batch.commit();

// Increment
card
  ..point = await documentAccessor.increment<int>(card.point, card.reference, fieldName: CreditCardKey.point.value, value: 10)
  ..score = await documentAccessor.increment<double>(card.score, card.reference, fieldName: CreditCardKey.score.value, value: 3.5);

// Decrement
card
  ..point = await documentAccessor.increment<int>(card.point, card.reference, fieldName: CreditCardKey.point.value, value: -5)
  ..score = await documentAccessor.increment<double>(card.score, card.reference, fieldName: CreditCardKey.score.value, value: -2.5);

// Clear
card
  ..point = await documentAccessor.increment<int>(card.point, card.reference, fieldName: CreditCardKey.point.value, isClear: true)
  ..score = await documentAccessor.increment<double>(card.score, card.reference, fieldName: CreditCardKey.score.value, isClear: true);

Attension:

Clear process only set 0 to document and update. It not try transaction process. Do not use except to first set doument

Distributed counter

Using DistributedCounter and Counter.

For examople, create score model that have Counter.

import 'package:flamingo/flamingo.dart';
import 'package:flamingo_annotation/flamingo_annotation.dart';

part 'score.flamingo.dart';

class Score extends Document<Score> {
  Score({
    String id,
  }) : super(id: id) {
    counter = Counter(this, ScoreKey.counter.value, numShards);
  }

  @Field()
  String userId;

  /// DistributedCounter
  @SubCollection()
  Counter counter;

  int numShards = 10;

  @override
  Map<String, dynamic> toData() => _$toData(this);

  @override
  void fromData(Map<String, dynamic> data) => _$fromData(this, data);
}

Create and increment and load.

/// Create
final score = Score()
  ..userId = '0001';
await documentAccessor.save(score);

final distributedCounter = DistributedCounter();
await distributedCounter.create(score.counter);

/// Increment
for (var i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
  await distributedCounter.increment(score.counter, count: 1);
}

/// Load
final count = await distributedCounter.load(score.counter);
print('count $count ${score.counter.count}');

Transaction

This api is simply wrap transaction function of Firestore.

RunTransaction.scope((transaction) async {
  final hoge = User()
    ..name = 'hoge';

  // save
  await transaction.set(hoge.reference, hoge.toData());

  // update
  final fuge = User(id: '0')
    ..name = 'fuge';
  await transaction.update(fuge.reference, fuge.toData());

  // delete
  await transaction.delete(User(id: '1').reference);
});

Objects for model

Map objects

Create the following model class.

import 'package:flamingo/flamingo.dart';
import 'package:flamingo_annotation/flamingo_annotation.dart';

part 'map_sample.flamingo.dart';

class MapSample extends Document<MapSample> {
  MapSample({
    String id,
    DocumentSnapshot snapshot,
    Map<String, dynamic> values,
  }) : super(id: id, snapshot: snapshot, values: values);

  @Field()
  Map<String, String> strMap;

  @Field()
  Map<String, int> intMap;

  @Field()
  Map<String, double> doubleMap;

  @Field()
  Map<String, bool> boolMap;

  @Field()
  List<Map<String, String>> listStrMap;

  @override
  Map<String, dynamic> toData() => _$toData(this);

  @override
  void fromData(Map<String, dynamic> data) => _$fromData(this, data);
}

And save and load documents.

final sample1 = MapSample()
  ..strMap = {'userId1': 'tanaka', 'userId2': 'hanako', 'userId3': 'shohei',}
  ..intMap = {'userId1': 0, 'userId2': 1, 'userId3': 2,}
  ..doubleMap = {'userId1': 1.02, 'userId2': 0.14, 'userId3': 0.89,}
  ..boolMap = {'userId1': true, 'userId2': true, 'userId3': true,}
  ..listStrMap = [
    {'userId1': 'tanaka', 'userId2': 'hanako',},
    {'adminId1': 'shohei', 'adminId2': 'tanigawa',},
    {'managerId1': 'ueno', 'managerId2': 'yoshikawa',},
  ];
await documentAccessor.save(sample1);

final _sample1 = await documentAccessor.load<MapSample>(MapSample(id: sample1.id));

List

Create the following model class.

import 'package:flamingo/flamingo.dart';
import 'package:flamingo_annotation/flamingo_annotation.dart';

part 'list_sample.flamingo.dart';

class ListSample extends Document<ListSample> {
  ListSample({
    String id,
    DocumentSnapshot snapshot,
    Map<String, dynamic> values,
  }) : super(id: id, snapshot: snapshot, values: values);

  @Field()
  List<String> strList;

  @Field()
  List<int> intList;

  @Field()
  List<double> doubleList;

  @Field()
  List<bool> boolList;

  @StorageField(isWriteNotNull: false)
  List<StorageFile> filesA;

  @StorageField()
  List<StorageFile> filesB;

  @override
  Map<String, dynamic> toData() => _$toData(this);

  @override
  void fromData(Map<String, dynamic> data) => _$fromData(this, data);
}

And save and load documents.

/// Save
final sample1 = ListSample()
  ..strList = ['userId1', 'userId2', 'userId3',]
  ..intList = [0, 1, 2,]
  ..doubleList = [0.0, 0.1, 0.2,]
  ..boolList = [true, false, true,]
  ..filesA = [
    StorageFile(
        name: 'name1', url: 'https://sample1.jpg', mimeType: mimeTypePng),
    StorageFile(
        name: 'name2', url: 'https://sample2.jpg', mimeType: mimeTypePng),
    StorageFile(
        name: 'name3', url: 'https://sample3.jpg', mimeType: mimeTypePng),
  ]
  ..filesB = [
    StorageFile(
        name: 'name1', url: 'https://sample1.jpg', mimeType: mimeTypePng),
    StorageFile(
        name: 'name2', url: 'https://sample2.jpg', mimeType: mimeTypePng),
    StorageFile(
        name: 'name3', url: 'https://sample3.jpg', mimeType: mimeTypePng),
  ];
await documentAccessor.save(sample1);

/// Load
final _sample1 = await documentAccessor.load<ListSample>(ListSample(id: sample1.id));

[WIP] Unit Test

※Under construction

Install packages for unit test.

dev_dependencies:
  ...

  test: ^1.14.4
  cloud_firestore_mocks:
  firebase_storage_mocks:

Set Firestore and Cloud Storage mock instance.

import 'package:cloud_firestore_mocks/cloud_firestore_mocks.dart';
import 'package:firebase_storage_mocks/firebase_storage_mocks.dart';
import 'package:flamingo/flamingo.dart';
import 'package:test/test.dart';

void main() async {
  final firestore = MockFirestoreInstance();
  final storage = MockFirebaseStorage();
  await Flamingo.initializeApp(
      firestore: firestore,
      storage: storage,
      root: firestore.document('test/v1'));
  ...
}

sample code